The answers to what causes prostrate cancer is not absolute. However, there are several things that contribute the development of the condition. The prostrate is a small gland found below the bladder in a body of a man. In more common cases, the tumor in the gland grows at a slow pace and causes some health problems. In fewer and rarer cases, the cancer cells may spread outside of the prostrate gland when it becomes aggressive.
One of the leading causes to growth of cancerous cells in prostrate cancer is the mutations in your DNA or genetic material, which are the changes in the DNA of a prostrate cell. The mutations in the DNA make normal cells start to grow abnormally. This process is what forms cancer. A tumor then is developed through the growing and dividing of the abnormal and cancerous cells. When prostrate cancer becomes serious, it will depart from the original tumor and disseminate to other parts of the body.
The American Cancer Society suggests that another possibility that causes prostrate cancer is genetics where the DNA changes are inherited by parents and family history. If you have a brother or father below the age of 60 who had prostrate cancer, it raises the chances of developing prostrate cancer. According to some research, a close female relative with breast cancer may also increase the risk of prostrate cancer developing. However, mutations in DNA can also be acquired during the lifetime of a person.
One of the most convincing and striking causes of prostrate cancer in men is the age factor. Only one in 10,000 men under the age of 40 will develop prostrate cancer while that number multiplies from 1 to 14 for men in the age range of 60 to 69 according to The Prostrate Cancer Foundation. The bulk of cases reported to have been diagnosed with prostrate cancer are men over the age of 65. So it is clear that the risk goes up for men as they age older.
Race or ethnic group being one of the causes to prostrate cancer is still not fully comprehended and explained. It is founded that African American or African Caribbean men are twice more prone to being diagnosed with prostrate cancer compared to men of Caucasian descent. Asian an Latino men are reported to have the least occurrences of prostate cancer diagnoses.
Research links between diet and prostrate cancer are still unfolding with time and studies. It appears that foods rich in animal fats led to fewer vegetables, fruits and nuts intake as well. It is not confirmed if it is this lack or the higher amount of fats is the reason of escalated risk in prostrate cancer.
Some other risk factors and causes have been examined as well. However, it has not been very clear how these are a direct cause to prostrate cancer. Obesity, smoking, some sexually transmitted disease and having vasectomy are some of these examples. A theory suspects that inflammation of the prostrate is also a threat as it damages the DNA which causes the cell to become closely cancerous. Although, there is much more to be looked and researched into this area.
Men with high levels of a hormone, insulin like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) are noted by researchers to possibly contract prostate cancer. Insulin and IGF-1 are very much alike, only that IGF-1 affects cell growth instead of sugar metabolism. On the contrary, other studies have also shown that there is no link between prostate cancer and IGF-1.
With all the different possible causes of prostrate cancer, it is no doubt that there are many factors that may be responsible for the development.